Update: Report on State-of-the-Art Strategy

Updated report on state-of-the-art strategy for C-ITS Deployment

Status: Juli 2017

The H2020 Coordination and Support Action CODECS has taken up its operation in May 2015. As the name COoperative ITS DEployment Coordination Support indicates, the project sustains the initial de-ployment of vehicle-to-x communication services in Europe. The COCECS project is supporting the Amsterdam Group, the C-ITS Deployment Platform of the European Commission, Standards Setting Organisations and other key deployment players in coming to a concerted C-ITS deployment approach.

For conducting deployment coordination support, CODECS has set-up several fundamental work pack-ages, of which the fourth is the “Strategy Coordination Support” work package. The present report, deliverable 4.1 contains the results and findings of the state-of-the-art strategy inventory, the first activity of the Work Package 4. The report is subject to updates in relation to additional information, impressions and requirements formulated towards the state-of-the-art strategy, gathered e.g. through the CODECS workshops and webinars, or through monitoring the activities of deployment players and decision mak-ing councils like e.g. the Amsterdam Group or the C-ITS Deployment Platform. Updated passages, compared to the previous version of the report, are marked in yellow.

Reports reviewed

Starting point for this research on strategic issues for C-ITS deployment are the country reports submit-ted to the European Commission (EC) within the framework of the ITS Directive 2010-40. Following this directive, countries are requested to submit reports on the status and plans with respect to ITS. In this inventory, in total 61 reports have been reviewed, including initial ITS reports, national five year ITS plan reports, progress reports and other reports discussing C-ITS. The main focus of the report will be on cooperative ITS related to road transport. This includes both private and public transport vehicles, but excludes all public transport systems that do not use road infrastructure. Furthermore, E-call and tolling systems are not in the scope of this report as such systems already have a clear place in the roadmap set up by the European Commission.

Methodology

The reports have been analysed using an evaluation template, which is filled in for every report that was reviewed within this study. The template consists of three sections: Firstly, the full title of the document and the area to which it applies. In addition, the strategies that the document discusses on cooperative systems and the general policy areas it contributes to. Secondly, the objectives and measures on the subject of C-ITS that are identified throughout the documents are described, as well as the issues that are brought forward in the reports. Thirdly, the template distinguishes six transition paths or routes, which are used to see the progress or stance in the different reports on the deployment of cooperative services from different perspectives.

Strategies and aims of C-ITS

Throughout the different reports from 2011 to 2014 analysed in the present study, there is a clear trend towards more interest in the actual deployment of cooperative systems. While in 2011 the focus was on research and testing, in 2014 more and more countries are drawing up national strategies that involve C-ITS, and are implementing or planning pilots and/or projects that involve the deployment of cooperative systems.

There are several front runners in this development, namely the Netherlands, Germany and Austria who strive for EU-wide deployment of cooperative systems through implementing several projects where deployment of cooperative systems is the focus, such as the C-ITS corridor Austria-Germany-The Netherlands.

In terms of policy areas, the front-runners focus on several fields such as traffic safety, traffic efficiency and sustainability. Countries that are less focused on cooperative systems see them mainly as a mean to improve traffic safety.

In the reports from 2011, strategies on cooperative ITS are limited to research, while frontrunners are planning or have implemented testing facilities. From 2012 on and especially in 2014, the strategies show a clear trend towards interest in the actual deployment of C-ITS, with more countries testing sev-eral C-ITS services and applications. The frontrunners occupy themselves with setting up roadmaps for the deployment of C-ITS, and with testing deployment by updating roadside systems to make sure they can support cooperative systems. This change is also evident in the objectives that have been identified throughout the documents.

Transition paths and C-ITS

In the next step, the progress on the topic of cooperative ITS has been analysed using the six transition paths. Again, a clear trend towards more interest in C-ITS was identified, although the transitions to-wards for example more individual services remained unclear. Roadside systems are changing as front-runners are updating these systems to be able to test cooperative systems, and private parties are more and more involved in the testing, innovation and deployment of cooperative services. The scale of traffic information and management has clearly shifted towards a nationally focused approach, with more and more countries aiming to set up a framework for C-ITS and/ or a national architecture for traffic man-agement. More openness of data is a trend that is becoming more apparent from 2014 onwards, how-ever, this transition is not yet mature. With regards to the role of public and private parties, frontrunners are showing that a cooperation between both types of parties is necessary to successfully deploy coop-erative ITS. This development is also apparent in the strategic issues that have been identified.

Strategic issues identified in the reports

Many strategic issues have been identified throughout the documents that have been analysed. A strong focus lies on organisational issues, where the topic of cooperation and coordination is the most important among all countries. Next to organisational issues, (technical) standardisation is called for by many countries, and interoperability is also seen as a major concern. Other issues include security and privacy aspects of cooperative ITS deployment, and concerns with regards to the business case and the roadmap.

In comparison with the strategic issues identified by the Amsterdam Group (AG), the issues brought forward through the ITS reports have a clear focus on organisational issues, while the issues identified by the AG are more focused on the technical aspects of deployment. This can be explained by the fact that the Amsterdam Group is a major frontrunner, and as such is more focussed on the actual deploy-ment and the practical issues that come with this goal. In the meantime, most countries are still focused on bringing together public and private parties before they can start thinking about deployment activities.

Results of mapping the identified issues with Open Issues of the Amsterdam Group, the C-ITS Deployment Platform’s Working Groups and the C-Roads Working Groups

Since the CODECS project supports both the Amsterdam Group and the C-ITS Deployment Platform of the European Commission in coming to a concerted C-ITS deployment approach, the strategic issues identified in this report have been mapped with the strategic issues of the Amsterdam Group as well as with the Working Groups (WGs) of the EU C-ITS Deployment Platform and C-Roads.

Based on the mapping shown in table 1 it can be concluded that 20 strategic issues have been identified through the review of the reports that are not (yet) covered by the Amsterdam Group. These are mainly found in the domains ‘business case’, ‘financial risks’ and ‘evaluation’. The Amsterdam Group started in the early phases of the development of C-ITS. After their start, more stakeholders got involved and on a larger scale through the C-ITS Platform and C-Roads. And due to the developments new strategic issues emerged.

Based on the mapping shown in table 1 it can be concluded that 2 strategic issues have been identified through the review of the reports that are not (yet) covered by the C-ITS Platform or the C-Roads initiative. These strategic issues are described as follows:

  • Especially from the perspective of urban mobility, the added benefits gained from floating vehicle data will create additional challenges for the management of extensive real-time data for network management and traffic and travel information.
  • Many countries claim the financial situation is not stable enough to invest in C-ITS.

With respect to the second issue, the EU funding programs (CEF) support the member states in over-coming this issue. The inventory of strategic issues was based on reports of 2011, 2012 and 2014, so perhaps reflected the financial capabilities at that time shortly after the financial crisis that started in 2008.

Next to the issues that were identified in the review of document that have not been discussed (yet) by the C-ITS Platform, also ‘new’ issues were identified by the Amsterdam Group, C-ITS Platform WGs and C-Roads WGs that were not brought forward in the reviewed reports. This report will not describe all new issues in detail, but will point out categories of issues that were not discussed in the reviewed reports as well as some examples of more detailed issues. In table 2 of this document a new overall overview of strategic issues is provided.

The present report does not in any way pretend to be an exhaustive overview of all possible strategic issues with respect to C-ITS implementation. More issues will be found and addressed by CODECS’ activities in supporting the Amsterdam Group, the C-ITS Deployment Platform and the C-Roads initia-tive, and added to the present report in regular updates.

Download full report (updates compared to the previous version of the report are marked in yellow)